How To Build A Shed: Building & Installing Roof Rafters

How To Build A Shed: Building & Installing Roof Rafters

How To Build A Shed: Building & Installing Roof Rafters. How to build a shed roof step by step.

Sorry now that we’ve built all the walls are not gonna take a step back for a
0:07build the walls I actually used the floor debt to lay out the roof instead
0:11of using regular rafters and regular Ridge we built roof trusses I used the
0:17floor deck to snap out the lines because it’s much easier method of snapping it
0:21out full-length pictures and then building the trusses rate in place there
0:25on the floor deck so front-to-back is a feat that’s what this represents one
0:33side to the other one Walter the other we have big feet from the outside edge
0:37of that wall framing to the outside edge of this we have a look at the top of the
0:42wall on top of that we put a roof truss we’re going to overhang the soffits six
0:50inches just we made it 12 inches like the house it wouldn’t be in proportion
0:54with the shed so we want to keep the same details but shrink them down the
0:58right proportions so we’re making the overhang six inches so six inches from
1:02the outside of the wall to the front of the overhang so this wall actually this
1:08one right here what we want to do with mark the center it’s an eight-foot wall
1:13plus six inches on both sides give you 90 overall half of that which is the
1:19center of the roof four and a half feet know what I’m gonna do with just make
1:25another mark up here for five feet away doesn’t really matter the same distance
1:30for the six inches and then just draw the line and this is the center of the
1:39building and the center of the room but the slope of the roof some people call
1:44it the pitch we’re gonna using a pitch here and what that means in a pitch or
1:48in a slope means that for every foot I come in I’m gonna go eight inches up we
1:54know we’re going four and a half feet in to the center and go up eight inches
1:59there’s one foot 16 there’s two foot 24 there’s three foot 32 there’s four feet
2:06and then the half foot equals four inches which is right there
2:12ok now we have our top measurement here this is the top of the roof and we want
2:17the other top of the roof to fall right on top of the cord there just like that
2:24all these marks were making his to the outside of the roof so now you can see
2:37the three pieces that we need to build the trust we have the bottom chord and
2:41then we had to top cords one on this side an identical one on that side that
2:45we have to cut out a two-by-four stock what I need to do is get these two
2:50angles this one down here just one at the top so that we can cut this
2:55top court out a couple of different ways to do that as we know this is Nate pitch
3:0118 slow and on all of these speeds squares see a bunch of numbers here you
3:07get there all played out the same I use this one because it’s a little easier to
3:11read so it’s the same thing we’re looking along this Great year the top
3:16and we’re going to dial it up to hit the eighth the inside a lot i mean the
3:21outside at night the inside here that’s for the valley were going with the
3:25outside numbers that would be another way using a sliding T bevel that way you
3:33don’t even have to look at any numbers all you do is hold it up against the
3:38lines of it until you get the correct angle taken it up and there’s the angle
3:43for the top a long point to Long Point the outside edge of the rafter or the
3:51top court of the trust
4:05much better we’re going to use a plywood cut it to nail the trust together so I’m
4:11just going over at least a couple inches past the inside of the wall match the
4:15bottom edge year marked the top button minimarket down about a quarter I don’t
4:20want it
4:20coming up above the top 10 the same thing here down about a quarter of an
4:26inch doesn’t have to be perfect because it’s just a connection system what’s all
4:43that about eight inches 8 to 10 inches on either side
4:57together the two end ones on we have a trust between a gable and trust in a
5:10regular trusses that the gable and trusses sit on the gable end wall on
5:15each end because I sit on the end wall sheathing goes up we have this big gap
5:21with nothing to nail too so we’re gonna put in little operates in here so this
5:25evening can be mailed to it all the trusses inside don’t need that once the
5:30shooting comes up half inch or less be in this case and we near the whole thing
5:34together that’s what really tight it together makes us strong
5:40on this said we’re using two methods to build the gable in walls for no other
5:44reason than to show you two methods are most likely to use when you build your
5:48shed you want to pick one method and use it on both cable ends if you use a trust
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20 Replies to “How To Build A Shed: Building & Installing Roof Rafters”

  1. ok fantastic video no shade, but extremely overkill on the explanation. I respect how you explained it but literally i discovered today it's not that complicated and so much simpler when you remove the nonsense. You are providing some good aspects to the build but for explanation, just keep it simple.

    For a newbies learning curve:

    Span: 8 ft
    Dvided by 2 = 4ft
    – Decide your overhang, Measure and Cut the board at the 4ft mark from your seat cut mark…

    Cutting from left of the board(Rafter):

    1. Place your speed square at the edge of the board on the number "8" on the COMMON section, mark a line.
    2. Choose your overhang length, mark a line for no cut and forget about it
    3. Flip your square over(straight-edge on the right) and put the "8" on the bottom of the board. Measure up 1 1/2" up on that line and mark the thing, there's your seat/birdsmouth cut.

    4. Go to the 4ft mark, take off 3/4" off(3f 11 1/4")… cut the thing. Why? Because when you cut the rest of your rafters, you have accounted for the 1 1/2 ridge board.

    Trusses:
    Same exact thing as the above except don't cut 3/4" off…. Repeat your cuts for however many you need. Add your gussets, lift it, nail it and move on.

    It took me a long ass time because people overly explain it and/or could never just get to the point. This is explained well and no shade at it. But removing all the extra riff raff and simply saying the pitch is your key throughout the process of building a rafter, I finally got it down within 5 minutes learning on my own.

  2. One of the best instructions I have found on youtube. Thank you, very clear and concise. You saved me the money of buying one of those kits to build trusses.

  3. just found out that all the rafters on my house were cut short by about two inches. They put in a splice every other rafter about thirteen inches long and at the back of the splice they used just one nail. In some places they put a nail on each side of the splice at the back. Is this structurally sound? They are cut short on the facia end.
    Show less

  4. hi everyone ,if anyone else wants to uncover shed drawings plans try Ichordo Shed Blueprints Fixer (Have a quick look on google cant remember the place now ) ? Ive heard some interesting things about it and my mate got great success with it.

  5. This is a very instructional video for me as I'm not familiar with building a roof. Laying out on the floor gives a visual of the parts and how they go together. From that I can I can use a framing square to see how it is used. If I went with a framing square initially I'd probably make some mistakes. Many comments are against floor layout and I can see it would be a waste of time if someone was fairly familiar with roofing but not for someone starting out. Thank you for a very helpful video.

  6. In my opinion, that is not the right way ( at least not the most common) to work on rafters, and please, better use the square

  7. I like your video very much. I build a small house, 6/4m and I,m building the roof now. I bought some beams for the attic, they are 8/8cm, (the base of the rafters, the rest of the rafters are also 8/8cm.), they are put horizontally on the walls (concrete blocks), the base of the attic. I,m a little worried that they are not thick enough, I mean those that are put horizontally. Coud you tell me if they are thick enough? Thank you so much.

  8. I’ve built quite a few add on garages and storage buildings but I never thought of making myself a template on the floor of the building for the roof truss. That way they should all be exactly the same I think he did a great job and I think those of you that are thinking you should just build the wall and put on the wall 90% of that stuff doesn’t come out square no matter what you do unless you have something to back that up like a template

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